King Khuphu’s ship

Khufu shipKing Khuphu’s ship was discovered in 1954 in Egypt in the same area of the great pyramids complex .With dimensions of 143 feet long and 19 feet wide,  the ship has become very popular because it’s considered the oldest and largest hand made ship discovered and might be also the biggest handmade structure ever discovered. The ship is made of cedar wood and Archeologists estimated the time taken to build this ship was at least twenty years, It’s not certain why exactly the shop was built for however, most Gynecologists believe that it was built mainly for religious purposes and specifically to help transport the soul of king Khufu to his after life as ancient Egyptians believed, archeologists also believe that the ship was already used at least once before and most likely this was during transporting the dead body of the king from Memphis where he died to Giza where he was buried in the valley of the kings with the rest of the royal pharaohs families as was common at this time in ancient Egypt .Currently, King Khuphu’s ship is displayed for public in king Khufu boats museum in Giza, Egypt which was built in 1982 .

 

References:

http://www.ancient-egypt.info/2012/04/interesting-facts-royal-ship-of-khufu.html

http://www.examiner.com/article/khufu-s-ship-discovered

http://pharaoh.heavengames.com/egypt/history/pyramids/khufusboats.shtml

 

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Queen Cleopatra

Cleopatra_Collar_Szekeres_by_Elf_FinQueen Cleopatra is considered one of the most popular female pharaohs in the ancient Egyptian history, Queen Cleopatra VII known as Cleopatra was not the only queen with the same name “Cleopatra”. Archeologists believe that there were almost more than six queens with the same name in ancient Egypt not including the original Cleopatra who was believed to be Alexander the grater’s younger sister. Cleopatra was born in Alexandria, Egypt in 69 B.C and died in 30 B.C at the age of 39 years old, she is descended from a royal Egyptian family as her father was Ptolemy XII the king of Egypt for over 50 years and her mom is believed to be Cleopatra V the wife of the king. Cleopatra became the queen of Egypt in the year 51 B.C and she was only 17 years old at this time, Cleopatra ruled Egypt with the Romanian Caesar whom she was married to from 44 B.C to 30 B.C before he was assassinated.
Queen Cleopatra is known best with her exotic beauty and her power of seduction specially after she succeeded in having a relationship with two of the most powerful Romanian leaders known ever; Mark Antony And Caesar Julius. Queen Cleopatra is also believed to be a writer as she wrote a medical book which includes several medical remedies for beauty, hair loss and dandruff.
Egyptoylogists believe that Cleopatra committed a suicide in the year 30 B.C when she was only 39 years old by letting an asp snake bite her after she was informed that her beloved husband at the time Mark Antony was murdered by Caesar Octavius at the battle of Actium in Alexandria, Egypt.

 

References:

http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/cleopatra/a/CleopatraGuide_3.htm

http://blog.oup.com/2010/04/cleopatra/

http://primaryfacts.com/116/queen-cleopatra-facts-and-information-about-the-last-pharaoh-of-ancient-egypt/

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Lake Qarun mystery treasures

Lake Qarun “Berket Qarun” is located in the south west of Cairo in El Fayoum governorate and is the only contemporary natural lake in central Egypt; Lake Qarun is also the second largest lake in Egypt after Lake Naser in Aswan south Egypt. Scientist claim that Qarun lake is at least 8000 years old, Lake Qarun used to be way larger than its current size and it encompassed the entire current area of Al Fayoum governorate at some point, the lake  is believed to be named after one of the richest pharaohs during the old kingdom era “Qarun” who was mentioned in the holy books “Quraan and Bible”. Not far from Qarun Lake, there is the remains of a huge ancient building which is believed to be the palace of Pharaoh Qarun.

Over the years, a lot of mysteries and stories have been associated with that lake however, the most interesting story of them is that this lake and the nearby palace belonged to pharaoh Qarun who is believed to live in Egypt around the same time when Moses was born and people believed that  the man “Qarun” had the recipe of changing any metal to gold and he was one the richest people ever exist as mentioned in some holy books and that Qarun was flooded to this lake with all his treasures, mansions and possessions as a punishment from god for his sins .

 

References:

http://www.ancient-mysteries.com/qarun-lake-mysterious-treasure-holder.html

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2012/12/11/the-mysteries-of-qarun-lake/

 

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The tomb of king Tut

king tutThe tomb of king Tut (Tutankhamun’s tomb) is well known as the best preserved royal tomb discovered ever and was almost intact when it was first discovered at the beginning of the nineteenth century, The tomb of king Tut might not be the grandest tomb discovered but with a collection with almost 3500 pieces and a wonderful pure gold mask of the king Tut, the tomb has become the most well-known tomb discovered ever for mankind. The tomb was discovered by the American archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922 after working in the valley of kings for almost five years looking for the royal tomb. King Tut was the youngest pharaoh king ever in ancient Egypt as he was only almost nine years old when he became the king of Egypt. Scientists believe that king Tut was murdered at the age of 19 when he received a hard hit on the back of his head. Three archaeologists who assisted in discovering king Tut tomb died within few months after their discovery, one of them died from a mosquito bite that became infected causing him to die. Some scientists blamed it on the curse of the royal tombs while some others are trying to find some down to earth causes for this curse so, the blame it on some sort of bacteria, fungi or poison that they claim royal ancient Egyptians tend to keep in their tombs to attack anyone who gets in to their tomb causing death however, no scientific evidence for this claim has been proven.

 

References:

http://history1900s.about.com/od/1920s/a/kingtut.htm

http://www.tenfactsabout.co.uk/0028tutankhamun.htm

http://www.kingtutone.com/tutankhamun/information/

 

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Mummification in ancient Egypt

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The ancient Egyptians believed in life after death and they also believed that the dead person’s soul shall repossess  it’s body in the next life only if it was able to recognize this body and this was the main reason ancient Egyptians came up with mummification to preserve the dead bodies for as long time as possible so that each soul could recognize its body and could easily repossess it and start new life “the life after” . In the beginning, ancient Egyptians used to bury their dead in the desert and leave it to the sand and the heat to naturally mummify it however, as the ancient Egyptian civilization became more advanced and Egyptian people became more wealthier, they started to bury the dead in coffins to protect them from wild animals in the desert, only rich people mummified their dead for a long time before mummification became so popular and cheaper  that every Egyptian could afford it . Now that dead bodies are in coffins and are not exposed to heat or sun any more, they started to decay and that’s when ancient Egyptian needed mummification, to protect these bodies inside the coffins for being decayed.

It took the ancient Egyptians few hundred years to develop the process of mummification so that it remains lifelike. Mummification was usually done at two stages; embalming which includes cut the dead body open and carefully remove its organs and second stage is wrapping which includes wrapping the whole body from head to toe with fine linen.

References:

http://www.mylearning.org/a-step-by-step-guide-to-egyptian-mummification/p-1681/

http://australianmuseum.net.au/How-were-ancient-Egyptians-mummified

http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/mummies/home.html

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Obelisks in ancient Egypt

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The term “Obelisk” originally came from the Greek word “Obelos”  which usually refers to the characteristic monuments of ancient Egypt, an obelisk is usually a high four sides monument that is placed upright and tapered in a pyramid shape with pointed up ending, it’s usually made from one large granite stone. Archaeologists believe the first obelisk ever came out during the old kingdom era  then followed with some identical design obelisks which used to be stubby and shorter than the obelisks erected during the new kingdom era , obelisks were usually placed in the entrance of the temples with colored scenes on their sides to represent the pharaoh’s deeds, obelisks were usually placed in pairs and most of them were plated in gold . Archaeologists believe that the main purpose of erecting obelisks was to show stability and creative force by good.

It’s believed that hundreds of obelisks were built and erected by the ancient Egyptians over the years and specially during the new kingdom era where the obelisks design became higher and better designed however, there are only 28 of these obelisks were discovered and most of them in a good condition and almost intact, only 8 of these remaining obelisks are still in Egypt while the rest are spread all over the world; New York, Paris and even in Rome. The highest obelisk was found in the city of Luxor in south Egypt however, the work was not complete on it for some reason.

References:

http://www.egipto.com/obeliscos/histo2.html

http://history.howstuffworks.com/ancient-egypt/obelisk.htm

http://mysite.du.edu/~etuttle/classics/obelisk.htm

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Karnak temple

cropped-karnak

Karnak temple is located in the city of Luxor in south Egypt, it was built by king Ramses the second who is one of the greatest and most popular king of ancient Egypt during what is called the old kingdom era and ruled Egypt between 1391 and 1351 B.C, he dedicated the building of this temple to God Amun. The temple is the second most visited ancient site in Egypt after the great pyramids of Giza in terms of number of visitors every year and is considered the largest temple of ancient Egypt history and probably the largest template complex ever made by humankind.

The temple complex consists of three main temples; temple Mut, Temple Montu and temple Amun which is the largest temple and  is 61 acres alone, the most significant thing about this temple is the colorful scenes on its walls that reveals a lot of secrets about the pharaohs life during this time through picturing the battles between the kings and the enemies and also pictures of the royal family visiting the temple and interacting with public, the temple also contains 6 beautiful pylons, one is which still partially gold plated .

References:

http://www.discoveringegypt.com/karnak1.htm

http://www.touregypt.net/karnak.htm

http://www.karnak.org/

 

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Curse of pharaohs

hl-ancient-egypt-board-gamesIt’s believed that the term “curse of pharaohs” first came up during the seventh century when the Arabs arrived to Egypt as they weren’t able to read the ancient Egyptian language and everything seemed mysterious to them specially after many of them were killed or injured during digging and excavating ancient Egyptian sites looking for gold, jewels and treasures, they believed that anyone who enter a royal tomb will be exposed to death, illness or disasters and they also believed that if a person can survive that curse, this  will make him more powerful .

When French Egyptologist interpreted the ancient Egyptian language (Hieroglyphic) during the 18th century, almost one sentence was written on the door of all royal tombs “Death shall come on swifts to him who disturbs the peace of the king”. The most popular story of Pharaohs curse is king Tut tomb’s curse where three archaeologists who assisted in discovering king Tut tomb died within few months after their discovery, one of them died from a mosquito bite that became infected causing him to die. Scientists are trying to find some down to earth causes for this curse so, some scientists blame it on some sort of bacteria, fungi or poison that they claim royal ancient Egyptians tend to keep in their tombs to attack any one who gets in to their tomb causing death however, no scientific evidence for this claim has been proven.

References:

http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/archaeology/curse-of-the-mummy/

http://www.gizapyramid.com/articles/mummies-curse.htm

http://www.beforeus.com/email/article/art4_cursphar.html

 

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Abu Simbel Temple

abu_simbel

Considered one of the most recognizable ancient sites in Egypt, Abu Simbel temple was built on the west side of the Nile river around 1303 – 1213 as most scientists believe by Pharaoh Ramessess the second, the temple was named after a young boy named Abu Simbel who led the Swiss explorer and Egyptologist Jean Louise Burckhardt to the temple site in 1813. The Egyptian government had to relocate the entire temple in 1965 during creating Lake Nasser as water reservoirs after building the high dam on the Nile river to prevent any damage to the ancient site.

The temple is 115 feet long and 98 feet high with 4 beautiful seated statues flanking the entrance and also some smaller statues represent the pharaoh’s family members, The walls of the temple are decorated with colored engravings showing the pharaoh presenting gifts to the gods and defeating the enemies in some others. The most interesting fact about this temple is that it was designed in a particular way so that it will allow the sun light only two times a year (Oct 22nd and February 22nd) to come straight on the face of the pharaoh statue, the scientists believe that these two days are the pharaoh’s birth day and the day he became a king.

 

References:

http://www.ancient.eu.com/Abu_Simbel/

http://www.livescience.com/37360-abu-simbel.html

 

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Valley of the Kings

Valley-of-the-Kings-491

Valley of the kings is located in Upper Egypt on the western bank of Nile River few miles away from Cairo the capital of Egypt and near the city of Thebes (Luxor) which was considered the political and religious capital of Ancient Egypt during the new kingdom era. The valley of kings was considered the royal burial ground of royal pharaoh families in ancient Egypt during the new kingdom era which extends for almost five hundred years form 15th century to 10th century B.C.

Almost 63 tombs have been discovered in the valley of kings so far including King Tut tomb which is the most popular tomb in the history of ancient Egypt and was one of the few tombs that weren’t reached by the robbers before discovered, these tombs really helped the scientists and the Egyptologists study the life and death believes of ancient Egyptians and revealed details about their day to day life. Most tombs are different in shape and size and a tomb could be as simple as one room or it may go up to 127 rooms. Scientists believe that there are a lot of tombs to discover in the valley of kings since the ancient Egyptians tend to hide their tombs very well to protect them from thieves.

 

References:

http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/the-valley-of-the-kings-tombs-facts-location.html#lesson

http://www.tenfactsabout.co.uk/0028tutankhamun.htm

http://ancient-egypt.org/index.html

 

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