The ancient Egyptians believed in life after death and they also believed that the dead person’s soul shall repossess it’s body in the next life only if it was able to recognize this body and this was the main reason ancient Egyptians came up with mummification to preserve the dead bodies for as long time as possible so that each soul could recognize its body and could easily repossess it and start new life “the life after” . In the beginning, ancient Egyptians used to bury their dead in the desert and leave it to the sand and the heat to naturally mummify it however, as the ancient Egyptian civilization became more advanced and Egyptian people became more wealthier, they started to bury the dead in coffins to protect them from wild animals in the desert, only rich people mummified their dead for a long time before mummification became so popular and cheaper that every Egyptian could afford it . Now that dead bodies are in coffins and are not exposed to heat or sun any more, they started to decay and that’s when ancient Egyptian needed mummification, to protect these bodies inside the coffins for being decayed.
It took the ancient Egyptians few hundred years to develop the process of mummification so that it remains lifelike. Mummification was usually done at two stages; embalming which includes cut the dead body open and carefully remove its organs and second stage is wrapping which includes wrapping the whole body from head to toe with fine linen.