Abu Simbel Temple

abu_simbel

Considered one of the most recognizable ancient sites in Egypt, Abu Simbel temple was built on the west side of the Nile river around 1303 – 1213 as most scientists believe by Pharaoh Ramessess the second, the temple was named after a young boy named Abu Simbel who led the Swiss explorer and Egyptologist Jean Louise Burckhardt to the temple site in 1813. The Egyptian government had to relocate the entire temple in 1965 during creating Lake Nasser as water reservoirs after building the high dam on the Nile river to prevent any damage to the ancient site.

The temple is 115 feet long and 98 feet high with 4 beautiful seated statues flanking the entrance and also some smaller statues represent the pharaoh’s family members, The walls of the temple are decorated with colored engravings showing the pharaoh presenting gifts to the gods and defeating the enemies in some others. The most interesting fact about this temple is that it was designed in a particular way so that it will allow the sun light only two times a year (Oct 22nd and February 22nd) to come straight on the face of the pharaoh statue, the scientists believe that these two days are the pharaoh’s birth day and the day he became a king.

 

References:

http://www.ancient.eu.com/Abu_Simbel/

http://www.livescience.com/37360-abu-simbel.html

 

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